> Like all living things, humans exploit their surroundings for resources. But there will come a time when population growth and welfare collide. 220 500 333 747 300 500 570 333 747 500 400 549 300 300 333 576 540 333 333 The negative effects of rapid population growth appear to have weighed most heavily on the poorest group of countries in the developing world during the 1980s and also throughout /Ascent 1040 /Subtype /TrueType endobj >> Human Population and the Environment217 production, packaging, and transport. /Descent -328 11 0 obj /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] human population size have d ynamic, non-linear impacts on the en vironment, with feedbacks, thresholds, and synergies amplifying risk and speeding environmental degradation beyond the … /Resources << /ColorSpace << /CS0 2 0 R >> /Font << /TT0 3 0 R /TT1 4 0 R >> Human population growth means growth of livestock and other population, depending on the amount of consumption of livestock and other animal per capita. /Length 216 endobj 333 500 500 1000 500 500 333 1000 556 333 1000 350 667 350 350 333 333 500 The environment, culture, politics, food supply, and … stream << Economic development can be understood to mean the process by which the quality of life of the citizenry or population is improved. f��i퀽.���pnْ��s�W�{�?��pc��l�6�����A7�c4x�>��>oh����%��:-�:X"Q�����픮����u�����G��f�6�z5d �j�I��nb�#������^���jM�o�[�Z�l�V�ZP�T;j���?�bc�8�3�{9؆7�&n�K�߱��R��Ej�E �pX��!X�@u��Q�¿z�:�&�1\IA>����n�F�'o���j/t� vv��3�tf��>`��z���b�u���~�/��n�d��=agi�{:_GmO��v���ht�:����ld��~�! 8 0 obj �/+̖* ���U����. /Descent -307 (*���(%�8H����8c�-�� f�ԉd�9�@6_IjH��9���(3=�D����R�1%? /FontStretch /Normal VJY�!�ӳw�����ja2��V�Pj�T̤R��73�+f�Vϩb�_6z9_�\ Two other regions with the same rapid rate of population increase and similar levels of contracep… )U!���$5�X�3/9�� �(�$5�j�%V*�'��&*���r" (,!��!�0b;�C��Ң2(��ɘ� � I�8/ A growing population with disparitites in distribution can add strain to the environment to feed people. 500 333 760 276 500 564 333 760 500 400 549 300 300 333 576 453 333 333 300 2 0 obj /FontDescriptor 8 0 R Food security issues. 4�� ��l��G9Y�7�� ����&�O�x�� :ɔTʀ_F u-ӅT)v��˥uP�J:CW��[���i��� l�}�)2̓� 2ÿ��1���m6-�=������ޮ�b�&@���_�/+&���[�Ϭ�N�I��p��X��s��f0.�=- l�:d��3���/�A��4�}Q�*��]����oB^��fM�����c�2�:0��뤉���z�2z���XtZ�᪠�����⮎�R.v��g��~,8um��Z����� 333 333 333 722 722 722 722 722 722 722 564 722 722 722 722 722 722 556 500 Today, the world is facing negative effects because each day we inch closer to the carrying capacity. With all these linkages between population growth and the environment, Family Welfare Programs have become critical to human exist- ence. /FontName /TimesNewRomanPSMT Economist Joseph Spengler has estimated that 4 percent of national income goes to support our 1 percent per year rate of population growth in the United States (17). 3 0 obj With a current world population of over six billion people, ever-increasing human population growth inevitably has a variety of impacts on the world’s resources. stream Why Human Population Growth needs to be Addressed The human population growth rate for 2017 according to worldmeters is 1.12%. The government of countries with low capacity and cropping area finds difficulty in fulfilling these demands. It could alter ecosystems to the point where some environments may be in danger of collapse. Throughout the chapters, the authors try to identify other relevant factors that influence the outcomes we discuss or that influence the impact of population growth on those outcomes. endstream >> >> (���t���\ڦ�ͧ(h�ؽ��t���aƖ�M������~g�"�k��7QvQ��U���(8A��$ܜ>h�̱���{� ��8�6sq��a�✔`j&(�$�bO�����Ze��^�מg�0!�)ι��)�R�eʿ@� Approach. Problem of Population growth, poverty and environment, Population Explosion, Family Welfare Programme, Women & Child Welfare. 556 500 500 500 500 500 500 722 444 444 444 444 444 278 278 278 278 500 556 /LastChar 255 Both the level of poverty and the rate at which it has changed vary greatly by region (Table 1). /Resources << /ColorSpace << /CS0 2 0 R >> /Font << /TT0 4 0 R /TT1 3 0 R >> /XHeight 448 >> /FontFamily (Times New Roman) << /Ascent 1056 Planning for the future /Type /Page 500 500 500 500 278 278 564 564 564 444 921 722 667 667 722 611 556 722 722 no�鄍&�,�L�~ٰ�� >> /FontWeight 400 The second theory views population growth as a phenomenon that adversely affects economic growth. In 2016, population growth in Somalia was estimated to be 2.0% with the high natural rate of increase (2.7%) reduced by a net migration rate of seven per thousand (U.S. Census Bureau, 2017). #hˡmj(�3ϖ�.�ѮK8��n�~uWNՖ��"D���F��+-�F6��^�jı�]V�E�~m�.^_��|"f��H.5�a#nu���+~� �� PK ! World-wide the numbers of cars and refrigerators are increasing before our very eyes. It is a fact that the growth of human population is more stable in the developed countries, i.e., … The Impact of Human Population Growth on the Worlds Resources. h�t� � _rels/.rels �(� ���J1���!�}7�*"�loD��� c2��H�Ҿ���aa-����?_��z�w�x��m� /FontFamily (Times New Roman) These externatities inevitbly impact human welfare. %PDF-1.4 10 0 obj There is a reasonably good chance that floods of people will trek all over the world searching for more food and welfare. Those subjects are not only related to each other but … v8��0 [Content_Types].xml �(� �W�n�0��?���M��rI{�#@�`���V" �v�� "92�I��pw�3��>We�m��H�$�˂�yF~=}]��X& /Rotate 360 /FontDescriptor 9 0 R << In Sub-Saharan Africa, the region with the most rapid rate of annual population growth and the lowest level of contraceptive practice, there appears to have been no progress at all in reducing the level of dire poverty: The proportion of Africans living on less than one dollar per day did not change at all between 1987 and 1998. make clear that during the 1980s, on average, population growth dampened the growth of per capita gross domestic product, the primary measuring unit of economic growth. For all of sub-Saharan Africa, net migration had a much smaller impact, reducing the population growth rate from its natural level of 2.5% to 2.4% in 2016. /Parent 6 0 R 300 330 500 750 750 750 500 722 722 722 722 722 722 1000 722 667 667 667 667 In September of 2009, the journal “Environment and Urbanization” showed that the places where population is growing the fastest are those where carbon emissions have been growing most slowly. 500 500 500 333 389 278 500 500 722 500 500 444 480 200 480 541 350 500 350 x��Uߋ�0~�_�G{,����3�{H{�v̰�����֍5׵��ߟd���@){G�d��')�=}����l�n /Contents 5 0 R • As human communities use more resources, they generate contaminants, such as … Growth of consumption outpaces population growth. >> /Type /FontDescriptor Unlimited population growth leads to over-crowding, has adverse environmental implications, especially in urban areas It tends to reduce food, water, fuel, land and other natural resources. As food is a basic requirement of an individual, the demand increases with population. >> 500 500 500 500 549 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 ] << PK ! /XHeight 457 278 333 469 500 333 444 500 444 500 444 333 500 500 278 278 500 278 778 500 /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding 500 500 500 500 500 549 500 556 556 556 556 500 556 500 ] endobj Impact of Population Growth. This can be attained by increasing the standards of living of the people – especially by increasing the consumption level of food, healthcare, education etc; institute political, social and economic sectors that advance the values for human dignity thereby boosting the peoples’ sense of worth and raising the opportunities enjoyed by the people by way of increasing the var… stream ��@�M�z���{�O|o�c_07���Z4����~�8�H����vr��(l�&�.̍.�VB2��; ӽ�h�v^��(G��#�`~vZ��WPz��.r�ױ�ij�^�縧3�Tn���S���?�h�sT�= %���� /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] << 9 0 obj This again makes bl anket statements about the effects of population growth difficult. 4 0 obj 500 500 1000 833 278 333 333 500 570 250 333 250 278 500 500 500 500 500 500 x��[Yo�F�~���}@��*F�$���d����Cc(�Z5�Ȓ���:kU��3@�-��Z��}��oˇ�������ۏ�E��Ç�}�����~�G��y����^.瑉�ۇy:�g�r�0�oU��=�-�������MZ�f_>�&��8Jfe�K��N2��\�Gb��7�m��G��=`���LJ���eb����1�������'��� z��p�ǟ핟���ӝ������h���L�˄%�auY�6���[nl�h����?~�o��-� ��������Y���>�aM|M���԰+U�;�ʆUk�_�=���41\��`���z������������,ͫ2��L��N���j�}�+܀*^��#�� {h���]�� .��Ywp�9�e���ס�c�c���;��� >�}��vQ����.u$ U\�=3{�M��Q�����W�����ۏ�+���&3����!K����peC�s�c[#X�^����x�&�%���#q�0�( �l��D3�feM{�_���x�ٞ�0�aG bb�H�y�-�bn�A��3l��>�†�=��J�����ŕ� � [ /ICCBased 7 0 R ] /Filter /FlateDecode Impact of the increasing human population. 444 350 500 1000 333 980 389 333 722 350 444 722 250 333 500 500 500 500 200 310 500 750 750 750 444 722 722 722 722 722 722 889 667 611 611 611 611 333 /CapHeight 662 Two hundred years ago there were less than 1 billion of us on this planet, and now there are more than 7 billion (Ortiz-Ospina & Roser, 2016). Finally, the adverse effects of rapid population growth on child health, and possibly on education, will likely increase poverty in the next generation. /BaseFont /TimesNewRomanPSMT Lecture 24 Unit6- Human Communities and the Environment (Human population growth: Impacts on environment, human health and welfare) 1 Learning outcomes: After completing this lecture, you will be able to understand the following: •Get knowledge about various important term used for the study of population growth. /FirstChar 0 Population Growth And Our Ecosystem. It not only erodes the living standards of the world population, results in poverty in already poor countries, affect a country’s economy, but most importantly has a negative impact on the Ecosystem. However, unchecked human population growth could have dire long-term effects on human welfare. endobj /Type /FontDescriptor Biodiversity loss and the Holocene extinction At the current rate of human population growth, we do not have enough resources to sustain ourselves, and the flora and fauna of the earth (Animal Welfare Institute, … Human beings have a tendency to want more and more welfare. Population, health, and the environment is an approach to human development that integrates family planning and health with conservation efforts to seek synergistic successes for greater conservation and human welfare outcomes than single sector approaches.There is a deep relationship between population, health and environment. The rate of population growth … /FontName /TimesNewRoman,Bold /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 5461 2. /ItalicAngle 0 Population Growth and Income Growth: During 1950-51 and 1999-00, India’s national in­come (at 1993-94 prices) increased by 4.4% per annum. The impact of so many humans on the environment takes two major forms: consumption of resources such as land, food, water, air, fossil fuels and minerals; /Widths [ 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 /Contents 11 0 R Human population growth and overpopulation is connected to the growth and use of livestock and other animal population. endobj �de_4�����t��&G�jx|Ƨ���er�ȂŪE`s>[P���y��n���rҰDہ�P���O˜4:��αh�rI��`P�:/�с�������"�\/���S��@+��x��u�� *�A� /StructParents 0 endstream • Human population impacts environment science in many ways: • Rising populations put increasing demands on natural resources such as land, water, and energy supplies. /LastChar 255 1. 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 250 333 555 While both developed and developing countries have contributed to global environmental problems, developed countries with 85% percent of the gross world product and 23% of its population account for the largest part of mineral and fossil-fuel consumption, resulting in significant environmental impacts. >> The 2019 UN World Population Prospects report stated that the global fertility rate has fallen from 3.2 births per woman in 1990 to 2.5 in 2019 and is projected to decline further to 2.2 in 2050. 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