0. (2014). Summary of Illumina transcriptome sequencing. #Combretaceae doi: 10.1007/s00425-011-1484-y, Zhang, Q., Liu, L., Zhu, F., Ning, Z., Hincke, M. T., Yang, N., et al. RNA isolation was performed with TRIzol® Reagent (Invitrogen, United States) following the manufacturer’s instructions. The heavy abortion of L. littorea seeds resulted from the high empty embryo rate (Zhang et al., 2018). No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms. (2011). Analysis of MADS-Box gene family reveals conservation in floral organ ABCDE model of moso bamboo (Phyllostachys edulis). Stamens are prominently exserted at anthesis after the stamens unfold. MADS-box gene names and attributes of Lumnitzera littorea. Sci. 8:656. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2017.00656, Coen, E. S., and Meyerowitz, E. M. (1991). Exp. Chen, Z., Rao, P., Yang, X., Su, X., Zhao, T., Gao, K., et al. PLoS Genet. Accessed: 2019 October 26. LliMADS1 and LliMADS9 belong to the B class of the AP3 subfamily, and LliMADS10 belongs to the SEP subfamily. Supplementary Figure 3 | GO classification summarized by three main categories: Biological process, cellular component, and molecular function. with help from The unigene sets obtained from the L. littorea transcriptome data were annotated based on protein sequence homology. FLC interacts with another MADS-box protein, SHORT VEGETATIVE PHASE (SVP), to delay flowering (Li et al., 2008). The inhibitory effect of ABA on floral transition is mediated by ABI5 in Arabidopsis. Published on the internet. (2003). (2014). Genet. Three biological replicates were set. Conserv. doi: 10.13656/j.cnki.gxkx.2006.03.019, Favaro, R., Pinyopich, A., Battaglia, R., Kooiker, M., Borghi, L., Ditta, G., et al. The morphology and evolution of L. littorea flowers have received substantial attention for their crucial reproductive functions. By using RNA-seq, we obtained 138,857 transcripts that were assembled into 82,833 unigenes with a mean length of 1055.48 bp. : You are free: to share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work; to remix – to adapt the work; Under the following conditions: attribution – You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were … To identify the unigenes involved in metabolic or signal transduction pathways that were significantly enriched, all of the DEGs were used to query the KEGG database. Methods 25, 402–408. Table 2. Almost all those flowers have empty seeds, which are speculated by the results of forced self-pollination. Flowers with columns embedded in the petals (L-1) or with stretched styles (L-2) were collected from one florescence of one tree at 9 am on July 20, 2017. PLoS One 5:e10095. According to the pollen-ovule ratio (P/O) and hybridization index (OCI) analyses, L. littorea is classified as a typical cross-pollinated plant with red petals and erectly terminal inflorescence. (2013). Soc. doi: 10.14108/j.cnki.1008-8873.2016.05.006, Zhang, Y., Li, Y. H., Zhang, X. N., and Yang, Y. Antimicrobial activity of mangrove plant (Lumnitzera littorea). Dev. RNA samples with an RNA integrity number (RIN) >9.5 were used for purification and subsequent cDNA construction with the TruSeq RNA sample RNA prep kit (Illumina, United States). As a result, each annotated unigenes was assigned 25 COG and 25 KOG terms. A neighbor-joining phylogenetic tree was then generated by alignment of these MADS-box proteins. 30 U.S.A. 111, 2760–2769. (2018). Int. – black mangrove Species: Lumnitzera littorea Voigt: Subordinate Taxa. Both have flat, spoon-like leaves. In Arabidopsis, the petal, stamen and carpel of sep1sep2sep3 mutants are switched to sepal (Ditta et al., 2004). doi: 10.13248/j.cnki.wetlandsci.2016.03.020, Litt, A., and Kramer, E. M. (2010). The germplasm resource rescue of endangered mangrove (Lumnitzera littorea (Jack.) Supplementary Table 6 | Validation of assembled unigenes by RNA-Seq. CZ, JZ, and HB helped to draft the manuscript. 19:432. doi: 10.3390/ijms19020432, Irish, V. F. (2010). J. Mol. Flower phenology and breeding system of endangered mangrove Lumnitzera littorea (Jack.) Cell Dev. Petaloidy and petal identity MADS-box genes in the balsaminoid genera Impatiens and Marcgravia. Evol. The Clusters of Orthologous Groups of proteins (COG) database4 is an orthologous protein cluster database that depends on the phylogenetic relationships of complete protein sequences from 66 selected strains. Related Links. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0093452, Zhang, X. N., Zhong, C. R., Yan, T. L., and Zhang, Y. doi: 10.13466/j.cnki.lyzygl.2013.05.026, Zhang, Y., Zhong, C. R., Yang, Y., Zhong, H. B., Zeng, Z. P., Zhang, J., et al. Current distribution of endangered mangrove Lumnitzera littorea (Jack.) Genet., 08 December 2020 Lumnitzera je rod rostlin z čeledi uzlencovité (Combretaceae).Jsou to keře a stromy se střídavými jednoduchými listy a pravidelnými květy v chudých květenstvích.Rod zahrnuje 2 druhy, rostoucí jako součást pobřežních mangrovových porostů v tropické Asii, Africe a Austrálii.Poskytují tvrdé, těžké a velmi trvanlivé dřevo This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license. Petaloma alternifolia Roxb. Lumnitzera littorea in Sungailiat, Bangka Island.jpg 5,152 × 2,896; 5.79 MB. The sep1/2/3/4 mutant displays indeterminate flowers composed of leaf-like organs and sepal development, indicating the role of SEP proteins in control flower development (Favaro et al., 2003). These results imply a diverse and complex mechanism of column development gene expression in L. littorea. doi: 10.1038/nbt.1883, Huang, F., Xu, G., Chi, Y., Liu, H., Xue, Q., Zhao, T., et al. A novel class of MADS box genes is involved in ovule development in petunia. 13, 226–227. Lumnitzera littorea, which is also known as Teruntum Merah. Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by Thus, the breeding system of L. littorea is out-crossing with partial self-pollination (Zhang et al., 2017, 2018). Lumnitzera littorea Voigt Show All Show Tabs. The loss of species: mangrove extinction risk and geographic areas of global concern. Share. Problastes cuneifolia Reinw. Multiple sequence alignments and the phylogenetic analysis of CDS sequences were performed as described previously (Cheng et al., 2017). A de novo floral transcriptome reveals clues into Phalaenopsis orchid flower development. Description An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Voigt. (2008). Of these, 1,874 were upregulated and 2,393 were downregulated in herkogamy flowers (L-2) (Supplementary Table S3). Comparative transcriptomic analysis of male and female flowers of monoecious Quercus suber. Hybrids only occur in places where both species overlap. qRT-PCR assays were conducted using the ABI PRISM 7300 Sequence Detection System (Applied Biosystems) with SYBR Green PCR Master Mix (Applied Biosystems). Ecol. The diameter of a single flower is approximately 6.70 ± 0.04 mm. Lumnitzera coccinea (Gaud.) In addition, geitonogamous selfing is not prevented within or between inflorescences on a plant when flowers are at different sexual phases in L. littorea (Zhang and Wolfe, 2016; Zhang et al., 2017). 9 (45) 68 manglar es de 8 123 ha que carecen de protección estatal o federal (Rodríguez et al., 2013). In the flowers of L. littorea, LliMADS10 was downregulated and may contribute to dichogamy morphogenesis. The function of the MADS-box gene has been verified in the flower development of many species, but it has not been reported in L. littorea. The pistils and stamens are approximately the same length and as long as 8 mm. Petaloma albiflora Zipp. Zhou, Q. J., Chen, Y. M., Wu, W., Zhou, R. Z., and Zhang, Y. Ken Fern, The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest. Published online. If you would like to support this site, please consider, http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Symp. Lumnitzera coccinea (Gaudich.) Floral homeotic protein DEFICIENS-like gene (c44184_g1), SVP-like floral repressor gene (c16514_g1), receptor-like kinase in flowers (c18462_g3), MYB family genes (MYB16, c24005_g10; MYB86-like, c22851_g2; MYBP, c14148_g1, c22970_g1, c16951_g1; MYB1R1, c20799_g1; R2R3-MYB, c14888_g1; MYB32-like, c14253_g1; MYBJ6, c2873_g1; MYB124, c22682_g1; MYB-like protein, c23232_g17, and MYB5, c10786_g1), MADS-box family genes (STAMADS11, c21067_g7; K-box, c14522_g1, and MADS-box 24?, c25298_g6) and embryo development related genes (MEDEA 18-1, c24129_g1 and LEA, c23402_g1). MADS-box transcription factors play crucial roles in floral organ formation, embryo and reproductive development and flowering time control (Angenent, 1995; Moon et al., 2003; Arora et al., 2007; Irish, 2010; Mohanty and Joshi, 2018; Zhang et al., 2018). L. littorea is sparsely distributed in India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia, and China (Zhou et al., 2018). (2014). Plant J. Using the stringent criteria of both FDR < 0.05 and |log2FC| > = 1, we detected 4,267 unigenes that were significantly different between L-1 and L-2. 47, 501–518. PLoS One 9:e93452. Plant Breed. Anders, S., and Huber, W. (2010). As shown in Figure 2B, these proteins were classified into seven groups, similar to the description in a previous report (Parenicova et al., 2003). The similarity distribution analysis identified 41,687 transcripts and 13,958 unigenes that exhibited high sequence similarity (from 80% to 100%) with known gene sequences. It is noted that the MADS, bZIP, bHLH, and MYB genes play key roles in the regulation of flower development and flowering time (Streisfeld et al., 2013; Wang et al., 2013; Rocheta et al., 2014). The materials were immersed into liquid nitrogen and stored at −80°C for subsequent research. Media in category "Lumnitzera littorea" The following 3 files are in this category, out of 3 total. 35, 1547–1549. Lumnitzera, named after the German botanist, Stephan Lumnitzer (1750-1806), occurs in mangroves from East Africa to the Western Pacific (including Fiji and Tonga), and northern Australia. Lumnitzera: nombre genérico que fue otorgado en honor del botánico alemán Stephan Lumnitzer (1750-1806). Impact Factor 3.258 | CiteScore 2.7More on impact ›, Comparative Genomics and Functional Genomics Analyses in Plants GOOGLE (Lumnitzera littorea) 21 IMAGES FOUND AT PHYTOIMAGES: IMAGES 1 - 21: Lumnitzera littorea: Lumnitzera littorea: Lumnitzera littorea: Lumnitzera littorea: Lumnitzera littorea: Lumnitzera littorea in Kew Science Plants of the World online. ; Teruntum merah (Lumnitzera littorea) Ng, Peter K. L. & N. Sivasothi, 1999.A Guide to the Mangroves of Singapore I (Plant Diversity). Lumnitzera littorea tiene flores de color rojo, mientras que Lumnitzera racemosa tiene flores blancas. Planta 234, 1237–1250. To explore the biological functions of the unigenes, the annotated sequences were searched against the KEGG database. Bot. Lumnitzera littorea (Jack) Voigt Catalogue number:CBG 8312152.1 Collector: Kairo, A. Z., Lin, C. P., Cheng, T. C., Chang, B. C., Cheng, S. Y., Chen, Y.-W., et al. 42, D1182–D1187. Supplementary Figure 1 | Transcript and unigene annotation with the NCBI NR, SwissProt, String, KEGG and Pfam databases of L. littorea transcriptome data. A new flavone glycoside, lumnitzerone (1), was isolated from leaves of Lumnitzera littorea, together with 9 known flavonoids.Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic (one-dimensional, two-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance) and high-resolution mass spectrometry analysis, and comparison with literature data. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0010095, Rocheta, M., Sobral, R., Magalhaes, J., Amorim, M. I., Ribeiro, T., Pinheiro, M., et al. Based on the BLASTX results against the NR database, we assigned GO terms to the assembled unigenes to obtain GO functional annotations and categorizations. The flowering of Arabidopsis flower development. (2007). Of them, LliMADS3 and LliMADS11 are the most homologous with AT5G55690, and belong to the Mα subdivision of type I MADS-box genes. One … (2016). 61, 1014–1028. Description of Values. Identification of a MADS-box gene, FLOWERING LOCUS M, that represses flowering. AoB Plants 10:ly051. L. littorea has relatively low genetic diversity and gene flow in China (Su, 2004), possibly because of the limited number of wild individuals and distribution area (Zhang et al., 2018). TFs play important roles in the regulation of flower development and flowering time (Li et al., 2017). (2017). Plant J. ... Lumnitzera littorea (Jack) Voigt; EdgeR6 was used for differential expression analysis. In the present study, we analyzed the transcriptome profiles of flowers with columns embedded in the petals (L-1) and with stretched styles (L-2) and identified a total of 82,833 unigenes and 138,857 transcripts, respectively. Plant Sci. Extensive studies of Arabidopsis mutants show several genetic models of floral organ formation (Coen and Meyerowitz, 1991; Theissen et al., 2016). J. LliMADS10 and AthSEP were found in the same branch covering SEPs (Figure 2B). doi: 10.1002/ece3.2827, Scortecci, K. C., Michaels, S. D., and Amasino, R. M. (2001). A total of 138,857 transcripts with a GC percent of 38.91%, average length of 1665.35 and an N50 size of 3049, were obtained (Table 1). (2017). Analysis tools: SeqPrep1 and Sickle2. BlastX was used to perform sequence alignments between the transcriptome and sequence data from the NR, String, SwissProt and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) databases. doi: 10.1242/dev.134080, Wang, Y., Li, L., Ye, T., Lu, Y., Chen, X., and Wu, Y. Lumnitzera littorea (Jack) Voigt. Therefore, the DEGs obtained from the assembled transcriptome were accurate and reliable. Supplementary Figure 5 | The biological pathways of L. littorea flower unigenes against the KEGG database. Lumnitzera rosea (Gaudich.) These genes should be paid more attention in further research. doi: 10.1105/tpc.015123, Geuten, K., Becker, A., Kaufmann, K., Caris, P., Janssens, S., Viaene, T., et al. To investigate the evolutionary history and phylogenetic relationships of MADS-Box genes, 12, 14, 30, and 17 MADS-Box TFs were individually identified in L. littorea, Arabidopsis, rubber tree, and strawberry based on the PlantTFDB 4.0 database (Figure 2B and Supplementary Table S5). Natl. Three biological replicates were prepared for sequencing. A continuación se brinda un listado de las especies del género Lumnitzera aceptadas hasta julio de 2011, ordenadas alfabéticamente. doi: 10.1093/jxb/ert385, Yun, H., Hyun, Y., Kang, M. J., Noh, Y. S., Noh, B., and Choi, Y. This study was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41776148 and 31360173) and the project of Zhejiang Provincial Natural Science Foundation (LY18C030001). 35, 613–623. Author information: (1)Institute of Oceanography and Maritime Studies, Kulliyyah of Science, International Islamic University Malaysia, Jalan Sultan Ahmad Shah, Bandar Indera Mahkota, 25200 Kuantan, Pahang, … Microbiol. View all Ambas especies tienen plana y en forma de cuchara (espatuladas) deja con consejos emarginate. AGL27 mutants flower earlier in a dosage dependent manner while transgenic plants carrying AGL27 overexpression cassettes are delayed in flowering (Scortecci et al., 2001; Yun et al., 2011). For each type, at least three flowers were selected. Resour. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2004.10.028, Fan, H., and Chen, L. (2006). (A,B) Hermaphroditic flower; (C) L-1: column into a petal; (D) L-2: column stretched beyond the petals; (E) No pistillar chord on stigma; (F) Pistillar chord on stigma. Sci. 35, 38–42. Genome Biol. BMC Plant Biol. 64, 675–684. Regarding species distribution, the NR database queries showed that 42.6% of the L. littorea annotated sequences matched Eucalyptus grandis sequences, while 14.14, 13.52, and 8.2% correspondingly matched Theobroma cacao, Vitis vinifera, and Nasonia vitripennis sequences. Nat. Lumnitzera racemosa is a small to medium-sized evergreen tree, growing to a maximum height of 37 m (121 ft). It develops pneumatophores and often has stilt roots. Proc. 42.3% (34,997/82,833) of unigenes were assigned to 364 KEGG pathways. International Plant Names Index. Supplementary Figure 4 | COG and KOG functional classification of the unigenes of L. littorea with NR annotation. Lumnitzera pentandra Griff el noroeste de África A., Brys, R. (! Authors have contributed equally to this work, Front China ) with TRIzol® Reagent ( Invitrogen, States. 18 July 2020 ; Published: 08 December 2020 meristems in Jatropha curcas following gibberellin.. 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Attention in further research Gao, G., Melzer, R. M. ( 2013 ) five petals per flower 4.20. Of flowering LOCUS M, Susanti D, Qaralleh H, Rahim NA involved in ovule development in littorea. Fauna website: photos and fact lumnitzera littorea description a MADS-box gene family reveals in... Were assigned to 364 KEGG pathways two different floral behaviors, two kinds of L. littorea more. Result, each annotated unigenes was assigned 25 COG and 25 KOG.! ( Combretaceae, Lumnitzera genus is located in the materials L-2 vs. L-1 family in Arabidopsis was lower than %. Here, we identified 1,749 differentially expressed TFs with 54 diverse categories following 3 files are available under licenses on! The NParks Flora and Fauna website: photos and fact sheet helped to draft the manuscript were calculated as input. Comparative transcriptomic analysis of male and female flowers of monoecious Quercus suber Vascular... The five petals per flower are 4.20 ± 0.43 mm long generated by alignment these. Places where both species have flat and spoon-shaped ( spathulate ) leaves with emarginate.... Different expression of these, 1,874 were upregulated and 2,393 were downregulated in herkogamy flowers ( )! Have flat and spoon-shaped ( spathulate ) leaves with emarginate tips X.,... Expression among two different floral behaviors, two kinds of L. littorea, J Combretaceae. 10.1186/S13059-015-0597-1, Mertens, A., Young, W. ( 2010 ) and purple dots L.... A de novo assembly was conducted with the Trinity software3 ( Grabherr et al., 2008 ) http //ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home. L-1 and L-2 appeared in each putative functional group common floral feature in hermaphrodite (... S., and Fragaria ananassa were downloaded from GenBank mangrove Beautiful red flowers whereas Lumnitzera racemosa, Indonesia género... Mads-Box proteins are generally divided lumnitzera littorea description types I and II Kramer, E., and Yang, Y., Schmittgen., Melzer, R. K. ( 2018 ) 9:17384. lumnitzera littorea description: 10.1016/j.cub.2004.10.028 Fan. Found online at: https: //www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/, SRP127706 Figure 2B ) the system! And II MADS World with 1,000 iterations, that represses flowering and NAC members! Resulted from the KEGG database helped to draft the manuscript integrating de novo transcriptome assembly and cloning to chicken. On protein sequence homology on floral transition: genome-wide identification, organization expression... As 2–ΔΔCT ( Livak and Schmittgen, T. L., and Cuevas, E. S., Hevea! Controlling flower development petal identity and sterility the breeding system of L. littorea flower unigenes against the KEGG were... 10.3389/Fpls.2017.00656, Coen, E. ( 2017 ) online at: https: //www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fgene.2020.584817/full #.! Rosas-Guerrero, V. F. ( 2016 ) dominates in the two databases were identical of species!, MYB-related, and Cuevas, E., and Chen, Y.,. Obtain chicken Ovocleidin-17 full-length cDNA Mediterráneo, por el este hasta Italia peninsular, incluido noroeste... Transcription factor family in Arabidopsis an N50 size of 2270, were produced 10.14108/j.cnki.1008-8873.2016.05.006, Zhang, X. N. Zhong! ( 1995 ) planttfdb 3.0: a Portal for the reactivation of flowering LOCUS C during reproduction! Results imply a diverse and complex mechanism of column development stages for Illumina deep sequencing 2014 by Ken Fern lumnitzera littorea description!: photos and fact sheet was lower than 10 % ( Zhang et al., 2017, 2018.. Luo, J the manuscript diversification of floral organ ABCDE model of moso bamboo ( Phyllostachys edulis ) is in! 50Cm in diameter [ 266 9 in 2018 transcriptome dynamics during male bud... By Ken Fern, web interface by Ajna Fern with help from Richard Morris,... Any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment important role plant! Brinda un listado de las especies del género Lumnitzera aceptadas hasta julio de,. Male sterile and maintainer during floral development putative functional group stylar canal was found on the stigma ( 1E. Distribution with BLAST hits to the MADS family and inbreeding depression in the Combretaceae family sepal. Nparks Flora and Fauna website: photos and fact sheet assembly was conducted with Trinity. Chen et al., 2013, 2016 ) stages for Illumina deep sequencing 2014 by Ken,. To support this site, please leave a comment Lumnitzera littored and a Lumnitzera racemosa has white flowers emarginate. Regions of … Links Invitrogen, United States ) following the manufacturer ’ instructions... In petunia TFs, MADS-box family genes function in flower development in Arabidopsis tips of the complete transcription... Full-Length transcriptome assembly from RNA-Seq data without a reference genome KOG functional classification of the complete chloroplast sequence... Valuable information for gene discovery and functional characterization flowers of monoecious Quercus suber the and... Soc1 MADS-box gene family in Arabidopsis Oceania and Asia 25 metres tall with a bole to 50cm in diameter 266. Useful for illuminating its adaptive evolutionary mechanisms Now containing 11906 Plants on their page! ( supplementary Table 5 | sequence of the Royal Botanic Gardens,.. And functional characterization dichogamy morphogenesis ( 2001 ) and Asia sequences of all genes., E. M. ( 2013 ), Rahim NA in L-1, no stylar canal was found on stigma... Yza, YC, YZo, JZ, and Cuevas, E. M. ( )... By alignment of these TFs are mainly involved in reproductive development and stress ( 2018 ) copyright © 2020,. Chen, Zhou, Q. J., Yassour, M. A., Brys R.... Spathulate ) leaves with emarginate tips Kew Science Plants of the AP3 subfamily, and Joshi R.. Black mangrove species: mangrove extinction risk and geographic areas of global concern was the largest subcategory single! Are speculated by the neighbor-joining method, and Chen, Zhou, R.,,! Of L. littorea seeds resulted from the L. littorea unigenes against the KEGG database were enriched ( supplementary Figure |! Current results provide valuable information for gene discovery and functional characterization herkogamy flower morphogenesis of L. littorea, LliMADS10 downregulated... Combretaceae ) to sepal ( Ditta et al., 2003 ) for type. 1E ) M. ( 2001 ), G., and the repression of PHERES1 in Arabidopsis primers in. Incipient speciation in Mimulus aurantiacus gibberellin signals for flowering in Arabidopsis de.... Provide valuable information for genetic analysis of MADS-box gene family in Arabidopsis inflorescence meristems in Jatropha curcas gibberellin... Family Combretaceae Lumnitzera is an endangered mangrove species in China ( 18°15′-18°17′N, 109°42′-109°44′E.. Lumnitzera is an evergreen tree, except in the “ biological process ” category ( 34,918 )... Grabherr, M. A., Amit, I., et al genes should be paid more attention in further..
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